Dorset Walks

Walks on Portland - wildlife highlights for 2019

last year's walks . . .

Friday July 19th
Poryland Bill

It's very rare that we get wet weather on a Friday morning but when we do we often find that the best birds are to be seen from the obelisk at the Bill, especially if the wind is from the south. The last time we had these conditions in July was two years ago when we had a superb sea-watch with several Cory's Shearwaters off the Bill. Today was almost as good with Gannets streaming past, sometimes at very close quarters, but no shearwaters. Further out the occasional Fulmar could be seen and once a flock of Common Scoter appeared out of the mist.

The day's list:
Birds
Rock Pipit, Common Scoter, Common Tern, Gannet, Cormorant, Shag, Fulmar, Herring Gull, Great Black-backed Gull, Black-headed Gull

© Bob Ford/Nature Portfolio

Friday July 12th
Admiralty Slopes

Parking at the Bill we walked north along the Westcliffs up the Slopes towards the Old Higher Light and the Coastwatch Lookout. The warm sunshine brought out large numbers of butterflies including the rare Lulworth Skipper.

The best bird was probably the remarkably tame Kestrel which gave us several excellent photo opportunities (see right). Less expected were the Gannets which flew along the Westcliffs at clifftop level.

The day's list:
Birds
Kestrel, Linnet, Stonechat, Swallow, Starling, Meadow Pipit, Skylark, Gannet, Great Black-backed Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull
Insects Small Skipper, Large Skipper, Lulworth Skipper, Meadow Brown, Gatekeeper, Marbled White, Painted Lady, Peacock, Common Blue, Wall, Large White, Small Heath, Hummingbird Hawk-moth, 6-spot Burnet, Cinnabar, Soldier Beetle, Thick-legged Beetle, Cliff Mining Bee
Plants Yellow Vetchling, Lady's Bedstraw, Pyramidal Orchid, Greater Knapweed, Squinancywort, Lesser Centaury, Perrenial Sow-thistle, Bristly Ox-tongue, Common Cats-ear. Red Fescue, Wild Thyme, Betony, Yellow-wort

© Bob Ford/Nature Portfolio

Friday July 5th
Admiralty Quarries

Partial success today with our main target, Silver-studded Blue, being found easily but the subsidiary target, Early Gentian, not being seen at all.

To look for these Portland specialities we parked outside Fancy's Farm, where we had to stop for a while to admire a baby Wallaby. We then walked down into the infilled section of Admiralty Quarries where we found a good variety of butterflies amongst an outstanding display of wild flowers.

The day's list:
Birds
Kestrel, Sparrowhawk, Whitethroat (heard)
Insects Small Skipper, Large Skipper, Meadow Brown, Ringlet, Marbled White, Painted Lady, Silver-studded Blue, Small Heath, Pyrausta despicata (moth)
Plants Birdsfoot Trefoil, Buddleia, Dog Rose, Hedge Bedstraw, Lady's Bedstraw, Marjoram, Pyramidal Orchid, Restharrow, Greater Knapweed, Viper's Bugloss, Common Centaury, Lesser Centaury, Creeping Cinquefoil, Common Hawkbit, Wild Thyme, Wood Sage, Yellow-wort, Lichen Caloplaca aurantia
The photos below can be enlarged by clicking on them

© Bob Ford/Nature Portfolio
   

Friday June 28th
Tout Quarry

On what was supposed to be the hottest day of the year so far we stood in the hotel car park and wondered how to get out of the near-gale force easterly wind. We decided on Tout Quarry in the hope that we might find some butterflies but if it was too windy we could always look at the sculptures.

In the end we managed both targets, with a good variety of butterflies and several sculptures that some of us hadn't seen for years. My favourites were the incised "drawings" in an arena called "the ship of fools", named after Plato's take on democracy being like a ship being navigated by an inept crew. Particularly relevant to the state we find ourselves in currently some might say.

The day's list:
Birds
Kestrel, Robin, Blackbird, Swift, Magpie
Insects Small Skipper, Meadow Brown, Marbled White, Painted Lady, Small Copper, Common Blue, Lackey moth
Plants Birdsfoot Trefoil, Bramble, Buddleia, Clematis, Dog Rose, Hedge Bedstraw, Hop Trefoil, Ivy Broomrape, Kidney Vetch, Lesser Trefoil, Marjoram, Pyramidal Orchid, Quaking Grass, Red Valerian, Restharrow, Small Scabious, Spear Thistle, Squinancywort, Viper's Bugloss, White Clover, Wild Thyme, Wood Sage, Yellow-wort
The photos below can be enlarged by clicking on them

© Bob Ford/Nature Portfolio

Lano's Arch
   

Friday June 21st
Verne Naval Cemetery

Today we took advantage of the very pleasant weather and made a rare visit to the Naval Cemetery above Portland Port. Our main target was to check on the breeding pair of Peregrines but we got delayed somewhat by looking at variety of gravestones going right back to the nineteenth century, when it was a military cemetery. This last piece of information came from a chance meeting with local history buff and birdwatcher Charlie Richards.

Here is a link to a report on the recent memorial service to P.O. A. Harada, whose gravestone we saw today.

Once we managed to walk away from the cemetery we started to see a few birds and insects as well as a huge range of plant life, listed below.

The day's list:
Birds
Peregrine, Wren, Blackcap, Whitethroat, Lesser Whitethroat Mammals Grey Squirrel
Insects Speckled Wood, Meadow Brown, Red Admiral, Holly Blue, Lackey moth, Small Eggar moth, Swollen-thighed Beetle, Tree Bumblebee
Plants Ivy Broomrape, Cotoneaster simonsii, Herb Robert, Shining Cranesbill, Cut-leaved Cranesbill, Pyramidal Orchid, Wild Madder, Hedge Bedstraw, Bellbine, Field Bindweed, Honeysuckle, Dog Rose, Goatsbeard, Wood Sage
The photos below can be enlarged by clicking on them
© Bob Ford/Nature Portfolio

Gravestone of Jack Mantle VC, the second recipient of the Victoria Cross on the British mainland (click for larger image)
   

Friday June 14th
Merchant's Railway

Parking by the High Angle Battery we had a quick look at the Verne Ditch before walking down the steps and on to the Merchant's Railway.

We then enjoyed a very pleasant walk in blustery but sunny conditions looking at the huge variety of flowers out at the moment. A few butterflies were out but the insect highlight had to be the huge female Emperor dragonfly sunning itself on a bramble bush.
The day's list:
Birds
Buzzard, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Wren, Dunnock, Whitethroat, Swift
Mammals Goat (14?)
Insects Speckled Wood, Meadow Brown, Small Tortoiseshell, Painted Lady, Common Blue, Lackey moth, Brown-tail moth, Six-spot Burnet moth, Emperor dragonfly, Seven-spot Ladybird
Plants Black Mustard, Black Spleenwort, Bush Vetch, Cocksfoot, Common Vetch, Common Toadflax, Cotoneaster microphyllus, False Oat-grass, Fennel, Greater Knapweed, Hartstongue Fern, Herb Robert, Hop Trefoil, Ivy-leaved Toadflax, Lesser Trefoil, Marjoram, Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Musk Thistle, Pyramidal Orchid, Red Fescue, Red Valerian, Rock-rose, Rough Meadow Grass, Rye Grass, Soft Brome, Spear Thistle, Upright Brome, Viper's Bugloss, Wall Barley, Wall Rocket, Wall Rue, Wild Thyme, Wood Sage
The photos below can be enlarged by clicking on them
© Bob Ford/Nature Portfolio

Emperor (click for larger image)
   

Friday June 7th
Chesil Cove

In very wet weather we sought the shelter of the Westcliffs and walked along the coastpath towards Hallelujah Bay.

We struggled to see many birds but the plantlife was very luxuriant, enjoying the rain I expect. Surprisingly we did see a couple of insects, including a Hummingbird Hawk-moth on the sea-wall.
The day's list:
Birds
Fulmar, Gannet, Shag, Buzzard, Great Black-backed Gull, Herring Gull, Wren, Rock Pipit,
Insects Hummingbird Hawk-moth, Red Admiral
Plants Birdsfoot Trefoil, Portland Spurge, Horsetail, Honeysuckle, Smooth Hawksbeard, Red Valerian, Wild Madder, Wild Carrot, Yellow Horned-poppy

© Bob Ford/Nature Portfolio

Yellow Horned-poppy

Friday May 31st
Southwell - Cheyne

A report of a Honey Buzzard (not a Funny Buzzard as one of the group thought I said) had us dashing off to the Eastcliffs to see if we could intercept it. Of course we didn't but we did get excellent views of the resident pair of Peregrines including the almost unbelievable sight of the male picking a small bird from the surface of the sea!

After checking out the usual spot for Wall Lizards we explored a new spot just east of Southwell village where we found a huge range of plants, insects and reptiles - in fact most of the list below!

The day's list:
Birds
Fulmar, Cormorant, Common Scoter, Kestrel, Peregrine, Great Black-backed Gull, Herring Gull, Skylark, Swallow, Rock Pipit, Dunnock, Whitehroat, Raven, Magpie, Linnet
Reptiles Wall Lizard, Slow-worm

© Bob Ford/Nature Portfolio
Insects Speckled Bush-cricket, Common Blue, Small Blue, Brown-tail Moth, Speckled Yellow Moth, Bloody-nosed Beetle, Rose Chafer
Plants Bee Orchid, Birdsfoot Trefoil, Black Mustard, Caper Spurge, Charlock, Fennel, Hartstongue Fern, Honeysuckle, Horseshoe Vetch, Kidney Vetch, Meadow Vetchling, Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Red Valerian, Rock Samphire, Rock Stonecrop, Wallflower, White Stonecrop, Wild Carrot, Winter Heliotrope, Wormwood, Yellow Vetchling

The photos below can be enlarged by clicking on them
   

Friday May 24th
Topfields

In far more pleasant conditions than last week we enjoyed a very leisurely stroll round the ancient field system between Southwell and the Bill. Skylarks were everwhere, singing and chasing each other about over the fields. The only real migrants seen were a few Spotted Flycatchers but we did see several Whitethroats and lots of Swallows.

The only surprise was right at the end of the walk when we found a colony of Bee Orchids right next to our cars!

The day's list:
Birds:
Buzzard, Whitethroat, Spotted Flycatcher, Swallow, Skylark, Meadow Pipit, Yellow Wagtail Mammals:Bunny Insects: Holly Blue, Large White, Brown-tail Moth, Lackey Moth, Yellow Shell
Plants: Black Mustard, Black Bryony, Field Poppy, Sainfoin, Red Campion, White Campion, Hoary Cress, Wild Clary, Woolly Woundwort, Bee Orchid

The photos below can be enlarged by clicking on them
 

Friday May 17th
Bill - Westcliffs

Today we visited the seabird colony on the Westcliffs just as a family of Ravens arrived and scared all the birds off the cliffs. This gave us an opportunity to count the number of (presumably) breeding birds which came to a remarkable 200 Guillemots but only 20 Razorbills.

We had planned to proceed on to the Observatory Quarry to look for the Little Owl but the sight of a huge concentration of gulls just off the Bill sent us there instead, in the hope we might see some dolphins. None were found and we never did discover just what the gulls were excited about. We did find a very handsome male Whinchat though (the photo is from the archive).

The day's list:
Birds:
Buzzard, Whinchat, Stonechat, Raven, Guillemot, Razorbill, Common Tern, Shag, Cormorant, Fulmar, Gannet, Kittiwake, Wheatear, Swift, Meadow Pipit, Rock Pipit, Skylark, Swallow
Mammals: Brown Rat, Bunny Insects: Brown-tail Moth
Plants: Black Mustard, Milkwort, Buckshorn Plantain, Wild Gladiolus

Friday May 10th
The Verne Citadel

A very different walk today as we explored for the first time the area to the east of the Jailhouse Cafe. Not much in the way of wildlife but the views were amazing.

The day's list:
Birds:
Kestrel, Buzzard, Peregrine, Wheatear, Swallow
Insects: Red Admiral, Wall Brown, Brown-tail Moth
Plants: Birdsfoot Trefoil, Black Mustard, Changing Forgetmenot, Cowslip, English Bluebell, Germander Speedwell, Horseshoe Vetch, Least Trefoil, Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Spanish Bluebell, White Stonecrop, Wall Rue

Friday May 3rd
Broadcroft Quarry

A very pleasant walk today from Wakeham across the back of Silklake to Broadcroft, where the birds were hard to find but the insects and wild flowers were extremely abundant.

The day's list:
Birds:
Kestrel, Wheatear, Swift, Whitethroat, Robin, Wren, Dunnock
Reptiles: Common Lizard, Slow-worm
Insects: Peacock, Small White, Green-veined White, Orange-tip, Holly Blue, Wall Brown, Green Shield-bug, Six-spot Burnet Moth, Brown-tail Moth, Green Longhorn Moth (Adela reaumurella), Large Yellow Underwing, Common Wasp, Nomad Bee, 7-spot Ladybird, St Mark's Fly
Spiders: Crab Spider, Wolf Spider
Plants: Alexanders, Ash, Birdsfoot Trefoil, Black Medick, Black Mustard, Blackthorn, Bramble, Buddleia, Bulbous Buttercup, Clematis, Cotoneaster, Cow Parsley, Cowslip, Cut-leaved Cranesbill, Daisy, English Bluebell, False Brome, Fennel, Field Speedwell, Fodder Burnet, Germander Speedwell, Grey Willow, Hartstongue Fern, Hawthorn, Herb Robert, Horseshoe Vetch, Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Red Fescue, Red Valerian, Ribwort Plantain, Sainfoin, Spanish Bluebell, Spear Thistle, Spotted Medick, Sycamore, Three-cornered Leek, Wayfaring Tree, Weld, Widow Iris, 'Wild' Gladiolus, Wild Privet, Winter Heliotrope, Wormwood, Yellow Vetchling
Lichens: Caloplaca flavescens, Xanthoria parietina

The photos below can be enlarged by clicking on them
 

Friday April 19th
Portland Bill - Old Higher Light

On the first really warm day of the year we visited one of our favourite spots on the island - the Lobster Pot cafe.

First we walked out to the Bird Observatory where the "Prof", Peter Morgan, showed us first a Willow Warbler and then a female Redstart. In the photo Peter is the one on the left.

Walking back past the Observatory Quarry the Little Owl was nowhere to be seen but the Short-eared Owl over the Strips more than made up for its absence.

The day's list:
Kestrel, Raven, Short-eared Owl, Willow Warbler, Chiffchaff, Wheatear, Stonechat, Skylark, Swallow, Gannet, Shag, Common Scoter, Guillemot, Pheasant
Peacock, Brimstone Moth, Hebrew Character Moth
Alexanders, Spanish Bluebell, Blackthorn

Friday April 5th
Old Hill - Tout - Inmosthay

A really quite nasty wet day today, with very little in the way of birdlife out at all. The quarries were still there though and we had a good look at the different strata, which show up much better when they are nice and wet!

Passing the section of cliff-fall on the Westcliffs it would appear that nothing has changed, as the photo on the right shows.

Walking back through Inmosthay we were pleased to find a thriving colony of the very rare Maidenhair Fern.

The day's list:
Sparrowhawk, Raven, Wren, Jackdaw, Carrion Crow, Great Black-backed Gull,
Ground Ivy, Dog Violet, Maidenhair Fern, Cotoneaster,

Friday March 29th
Reap Lane - Westcliffs

Almost a repeat of last week's walk but in the other direction and starting at Reap Lane where we hoped to see a Hoopoe. On arriving at the site we found that the Hoopoe had been scared off by a Sparrowhawk just minutes earlier but would most likely come back. We decided not to wait around for it but to continue our walk along the cliffs and enjoy the amazing views on this beautifully calm day. Looking back we could see the twitchers looking intently at something...

Skylarks and a Stonechat provided plenty of bird interest for us and along the cliff-top path the Alexanders were home to a large number of ladybirds, along with several hoverflies. Out at sea a line of five Gannets coukd be seen flying east, no doubt the start of the Spring migration.

The day's list:
kestrel, gannet, meadow pipit, skylark, stonechat, pied wagtail, linnet, seven-spot ladybird, peacock, brown-tail moth, alexanders

Friday March 22nd
Barleycrates Lane - Westcliffs

With increasing numbers of Spring migrants arriving every day we headed off to one of island's migration hotspots - Barleycrates Lane in Weston.

Not long as we arrived the commotion amongst the Herring Gulls suggested a passing bird of prey, perhaps an Osprey, but nothing could be seen. The ploughed field near the cliff path held a flock of at least thirty wagtails, mostly Piec but with several White Wagtails in amongst them. An even larger flock of Meadow Pipits was in the next field along with a few linnets.

The coast path produced a somewhat out of place Chiffchaff and a less unusual pair of Stonechats whilst overhead two small parties of Sand Martins were seen heading north.

The day's list:
fulmar, kestrel, meadow pipit, chiffchaff, stonechat, pied wagtail, white wagtail, linnet, skylark, sand martin, brown-tail moth, crow garlic, wall speedwell, field speedwell, wild cabbage

Friday March 15th
Eastcliffs

Parking in Southwell, the most southerly village in Dorset, we walked down to the cliff path and turned south towards the Bill. We were hoping to see early migrants such as Wheatears but at first the only small birds to be seen were the resident Rock Pipits. Out at sea there was more going on with Fulmars and Gannets amongst the gulls and Cormorants. At our feet the cliffs were covered in new growth of a huge variety of plants, with an equally diverse lichen flora on the rocks.

As we approached the crane opposite Culverwell a Peregrine flew past carrying a pigeon. We turned and followed its path back to Southwell but by the time we got to its nest-site the pigeon was long-gone. We did find the Raven's nest though with the female incubating and the male patrolling incessantly. Finally, walking back up the path to the road we found our migrants - a group of three freshly-arrived Chiffchaffs.

The day's list:
peregrine, raven, gannet, fulmar, rock pipit, chiffchaff, scurvy grass, portland rock sea-lavender, buckshorn plantain, thrift, rock samphire, golden samphire, wallflower, white stonecrop, alexanders, wild carrot, red valerian, lichen Xanthoria parietina, lichen Caloplaca aurantia, lichen Aspicilia calcarea, lichen Verrucaria nigrescens

Friday March 8th
Admiralty Quarries - Verne Ditch

After checking out the wallabies at Fancy's Farm for any joeys, we walked through Admiralty Quarries looking for any early Wheatears. We stopped off at a couple of likely Adder locations but neither the Wheatears nor the Adders were anywhere to be seen.

Finding ourselves stood at the base of Nicodemus' Knob looking out over the port we noticed a path leading north through the bushes at the base of the Verne Citadel. Not having explored thus path for many years we followed it as far as we could until it terminated at the port's boundary fence. The damp, sheltered conditions here were ideal for mosses.

The day's list:
kestrel, buzzard, wren, dunnock, banded snail, field speedwell, common feather-moss, neat feather-moss

Friday March 1st
Chesil Cove

After Monday's bryophyte course I decided to take the group down to the path under the Westcliffs to look for liverworts in the springs.

Not only fid we find the liverwort I was looking for but we also found several newts in one of the tiny ponds amongst the rocks. On the way back the Black Redstart popped up on a roof in Chiswell.

The day's list:
kestrel, buzzard, raven, rock pipit, black redstart, stonechat, palmate newt, peacock, red valerian, allium spp, green hellebore, scurvy grass, great horsetail, endive pellia (liverwort), lichen Aspicilia calcarea

Friday February 22nd
Kingbarrow - Admiralty - Withies Croft Quarries

Today we had that uniquely Portland combination of fog and strong wind. In the shelter of Kingbarrow conditions were a bit warmer but birds were difficult to find in the murky weather.

So we took the opportunity to explore the old tramways, tunnels and bridges in the quarries. We also looked at the ancient tree bowls, 130 million year old algal deposits.

The day's list:
kestrel, stock dove, raven, meadow pipit, great spotted woodpecker

Friday February 15th
Grove Point - Yeolands Quarry

In complete contrast to last week we enjoyed some gorgeous spring weather this morning along the cliff-top path above East Weares and Penn's Weare.

As well as the expected Fulmars (at least five in the end) we had great views of a pair of Peregrines hunting pigeons. We were pleased to see the British Primitive Goats still present, or six of them anyway.

The day's list:
kestrel, peregrine, stock dove, chaffinch, goldfinch, raven, fulmar, marmalade hoverfly, unidentified hoverfly, red admiral(?)
wallflower, pellitory-of-the-wall, lesser celandine, dandelion, alexanders, rosemary

Friday February 8th
Verne Naval Cemetery

Today we had to cope with a southerly gale and heavy showers so we hid under the shelter of the Verne Citadel and walked past the cemetery to the edge of Portland Port.

Our first sighting was very unexpected - a dead baby Common Shrew! Then a Kestrel landed on the path right in front of us closely followed by a distant sighting of the Peregrine up on the cliffs (the photo on the right is from a couple of years ago).

The day's list:
birds:
kestrel, peregrine, stock dove
mammals: common shrew
ships: RFA Argus, RFA Tideforce, RFA Lyme Bay, ex-RFA Sir Tristram, RMS St Helena, CS Sovereign

Friday February 1st
Church Ope Cove

On a very rare snowy day on Portland we decided to avoid the bitter northerly wind and pay Church Ope Cove a visit. We took the opportunity of making a detour round to see Penn's Bath and then walked down the steps to look at the even more ancient spring.

Birds were very quiet around the trees but offshore there were hundreds of auks flying north along with a few Gannets and Fulmars. Walking back to the car park we did see a few more birds, mostly Chaffinches and Redwings plus a lone Blackcap.

Over coffee back at the hotel we were glad we had a window seat as hundreds of Redwings and Fieldfares were streaming overhead looking for any grassy areas to feed on.

The day's list:
stonechat, fieldfare, redwing, chaffinch, blackcap, rock pipit, guillemot/razorbill, gannet, fulmar
tuberous comfrey, laurestinus, Japanese spindle, Hebe, sea beet, crystal brain fungus, common jelly spot Dacrymyces stillatus

Friday January 25th
Grove Stadium

Another successful search today but as we were only looking for a Victorian drain cover perhaps not so remarkable as last week. While we were there we checked out the Stadium and the Engine Sheds and then went to look for the goats on the East Weares. We didn't see them but we did find a Grey Squirrel, a rare sighting on North Portland.

The day's list
buzzard, kestrel, sparrowhawk, pheasant, redwing, grey squirrel
shepherd's purse, sweet violet, annual mercury, coral spot, silverleaf fungus Chondrostereum purpureum

Friday January 18th
Chesil Cove

A rare weather combination today - a cold southerly wind. So to escape from this we decided to visit Chesil Beach to see if we could find one of the Sea Beans that have been recorded from many parts of the coast recently. Remarkably, that is exactly what we found, along with all sorts of other fascinating finds. The one that had us most stumped was a flat skull with a long spine attached. After a great deal of online research this turned out to be a Cormorant.

The day's list
Birds (live):
cormorant, fulmar, black redstart, pied wagtail, rock pipit
Birds (dead): cormorant, guillemot, herring gull
Other Vertebrates: dolphin vertebra(?), thornback ray egg case, blonde ray egg case Invertebrates: cuttlefish, whelk eggs, pink sea fan, mussel
Plants: kelp, bladderwrack, sea bean, marram grass, pine cone

Friday January 11th
Portland Castle

A walk round an area we don't often visit today at the time of year when this corner of Portland Harbour can be very productive. This morning it was very quiet bird-wise but we did get some very close views of a flock of Mergansers and a more disrant view of a Black-necked Grebe. And it's not everyday you get to see a Sherman tank!

The day's list:
buzzard, red-breasted merganser, black-necked grebe, cormorant, shag, chaffinch, dunnock, kestrel

Friday January 4th
Jordan - Inmosthay

Another beautifully calm and sunny day but much colder than last week. Parking opposite St Georges Church we walked east into Jordan Quarry and had a look at the entrance to the tunnels that are planned to host the updated Jurassica/Memo development.

With very few birds about we continued into the working Inmosthay Quarry and looked at the fossil and mineral specimens left by the quarry company at the edge of the footpath. Inside a cast left by an ammonite was this collection of beautifully coloured crystals, presumably calcite.

The day's list:
buzzard, stock dove, chaffinch, great tit, blue tit, robin, collared dove, wren, kestrel

Full list of species seen since 2005

Birds (152 species)

Great Northern Diver
Black-throated Diver
Red-throated Diver
Little Grebe
Great-crested Grebe
Slavonian Grebe
Storm Petrel
Leach's Petrel
Fulmar
Manx Shearwater
Balearic Shearwater
Sooty Shearwater
CORY'S SHEARWATER
Gannet
Shag
Cormorant
Glossy Ibis
Grey Heron
Little Egret
Dark-bellied Brent Goose
Pale-bellied Brent Goose
Black Brant
Red-breasted Goose
Mute Swan
Mallard
Teal
Shoveler
Wigeon
Pintail
Common Scoter
Velvet Scoter
Goldeneye
Eider
Red-breasted Merganser
Goosander
Long-tailed Duck
Red Kite
Marsh Harrier
Buzzard
Merlin
Kestrel
Peregrine
Sparrowhawk
Great Skua
Great Black-backed Gull
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Yellow-legged Gull
ICELAND GULL
Herring Gull
Mediterranean Gull
Black-headed Gull
Common Gull
Little Gull
Kittiwake
Curlew
Oystercatcher
Woodcock
Snipe
Jacksnipe
Bar-tailed Godwit
LONG-BILLED DOWITCHER
Redshank
Lapwing
Golden Plover
Grey Plover
Ringed Plover
Ruff
Purple Sandpiper
Dunlin
Curlew Sandpiper
Sanderling
Knot
Turnstone
Pheasant
Wood Pigeon
Feral Pigeon
Stock Dove
Collared Dove
Turtle Dove
BRÜNNICH'S GUILLEMOT
BLACK GUILLEMOT
Guillemot
Razorbill
Puffin
Barn Owl
Little Owl
Short-eared Owl
HOOPOE
WRYNECK
Skylark
Kingfisher
Swift
PALLID SWIFT
Swallow
House Martin
Sand Martin
WOODCHAT SHRIKE
RED-BACKED SHRIKE
Meadow Pipit
Tree Pipit
Rock Pipit
Pied Wagtail
White Wagtail
Grey Wagtail
Yellow Wagtail
Wren
Dunnock
Grasshopper Warbler (heard)
Sedge Warbler
Reed Warbler
Garden Warbler
Blackcap
Whitehroat
Lesser Whitethroat
Chiffchaff
Willow Warbler
YELLOW-BROWED WARBLER
Goldcrest
Firecrest
Spotted Flycatcher
Long-tailed Tit
Blue Tit
Great Tit
Stonechat
Whinchat
Robin
Wheatear
Redstart
Black Redstart
White-spotted Bluethroat
Blackbird
Ring Ouzel
Fieldfare
Redwing
Song Thrush
Starling
ROSY STARLING
Rook
Jackdaw
Carrion Crow
Raven
Magpie
Jay
House Sparrow
Linnet
Siskin
Redpoll
Goldfinch
Chaffinch
Bullfinch
Greenfinch
Crossbill
Yellowhammer
Snow Bunting


Mammals (10 species)

British Primitive Goat
Common Shrew
Grey Squirrel
Brown Rat
Oryctolagus cuniculus
Brown Hare
Red Fox
Roe Deer (prints)
Grey Seal
Bottle-nosed Dolphin


Reptiles (4 species)

Common Lizard
Wall Lizard
Slow-worm
Adder


Amphibians (3 species)

Common Frog
Common Toad
Palmate Newt


Fossils (6 species)

Belemnite
Lopha gregarea
Nucleolites clunicularis
(sea urchin)
Titanites giganteus (ammonite)
Trigonia gibbosa (oss's head)
Crickets and Grasshoppers (5 species)

Dark Bush-cricket
Great Green Bush-cricket
Meadow Grasshopper
Roesel's Bush-cricket
Speckled Bush-cricket


Bugs (3 species)

Dock Bug
Horse-chestnut Scale Insect
Green Shield-bug


Butterflies (29 species)

Adonis Blue
Chalkhill Blue
Clouded Yellow
Comma
Common Blue
Dingy Skipper
Gatekeeper
Grayling
Green-veined White
Holly Blue
Large White
Large Skipper
Lulworth Skipper
Marbled White
Meadow Brown
Orange-tip
Painted Lady
Peacock
Red Admiral
Ringlet
Silver-studded Blue
Small Blue
Small Copper
Small Heath
Small Skipper
Small Tortoiseshell
Small White
Speckled Wood
Wall


Moths (34 species)

Brown-tail
Cinnabar
Clay
Cream-spot Tiger
Crescent Plume-moth
Dark Arches
Diamondback Moth
Forester
Green Longhorn Moth (Adela reaumurella)
Heart and Club
Heart and Dart
Jersey Tiger
Knot Grass
L-album Wainscot
Large Yellow Underwing
Lesser Yellow Underwing
Light Brocade
Marbled Minor
Mint Moth Pyrausta aurata
Pyrausta despicata
Mother Shipton
Oak Eggar
Poplar Hawk-moth
Portland Riband Wave
Privet Hawkmoth
Scarlet Tiger
Shuttle-shaped Dart
Silver Y
Six-spot Burnet
Speckled Yellow
Treble Lines
Vine's Rustic
White Ermine
White-point
Yellow Shell

Bees and Wasps (7 species)

Buff-tailed Bumblebee
Common Carder Bee
Common Wasp
Honey Bee
Ivy Bee
Red-tailed Bumblebee
Nomad Bee


Beetles (8 species)

7-spot Ladybird
Bloody-nosed Beetle
Ground Beetle
Harlequin Ladybird
Oil Beetle
Rose Chafer
Summer Chafer
Swollen-thighed Beetle


Flies (4 species)

Drone-fly
Marmalade Hoverfly
St Mark's Fly
Volucella zonaria


Arachnids (7 species)

Crab Spider
Garden Cross Spider
Harvestman
House Spider
Nursery-web Spider
Wasp Spider
Wolf Spider


Marine Life (32 species)

Sea Bean Entada gigas
Thornback Ray (egg-case)
Blonde Ray (egg-case)
Garfish
Triggerfish
Greater Spotted Dogfish
Lesser Spotted Dogfish
Goose Barnacle
Spider Crab
Edible Crab
Portugese Man o' War
Hydroid
Whelk
Cuttlefish
Squid
Blue-rayed Limpet
Flat Winkle
Rough Winkle
Toothed Topshell
Beadlet Anemone
Snakelocks Anemone
Seasquirt
Dead Man's Fingers
Pink Sea-fan

Knotted Wrack
Channeled Wrack
Spiral Wrack
Bladder Wrack
Sea Lettuce
Carragheen
Laminaria saccharina
Laminaria digitata
Saccorhiza polyschides


Fungi (9 species)

Coral Spot
Dryad's Saddle
Field Blewits
Field Mushroom
Honey Fungus
Shaggy Inkcap
Silverleaf Fungus
Slime Mould
Velvet Shank


Lichens (12 species)

Caloplaca aurantia
Caloplaca flavescens
Diploicia canescens
Diplotomma alboatrum
Evernia prunastri
Flavoparmelia caperata
Lecanora chlarotera
Lecanora muralis
Parmelia sulcata
Placynthium nigrum
Verrucaria nigrescens
Xanthoria parietina
Plants (219 species)

Agrimony
Alexanders
Annual Beard Grass
Annual Meadow Grass
Annual Mercury
Annual Wall Rocket
Ash
Autumn Gentian
Autumn Ladies Tresses
Bastard Toadflax
Bee Orchid
Birdsfoot Trefoil
Biting Stonecrop
Black Knapweed
Black Medick
Black Mustard
Black Spleenwort
Blackthorn
Bladder Campion
Brackish Water Crowfoot
Bramble
Bristly Ox-tongue
Broad-leaved Dock
Broad-leaved Eyebright
Buddleia
Bulbous Buttercup
Bulbous Meadow Grass
Bulrush
Burnet Rose
Burnet Saxifrage
Bush Vetch
Calamint
Caper Spurge
Carline Thistle
Cats-tail
Changing Forgetmenot
Charlock
Clematis
Cocksfoot
Common Broomrape
Common Centaury
Common Elder
Common Gromwell
Common Ragwort
Common Storksbill
Common Toadflax
Common Vetch
Cotoneaster horizontalis
Cotoneaster microphyllus
Cotoneaster simonsii

Cow Parsley
Cowslip
Creeping Buttercup
Creeping Cinquefoil
Crested Dogstail
Crow Garlic
Cut-leaved Cranesbill
Daisy
Dandelion
Dog Rose
Dogwood
Dropwort
Dwarf Elder
Early Gentian
Early Purple Orchid
English Bluebell
False Brome
False Oat-grass
Fennel
Fern Grass
Field Penny-cress
Field Speedwell
Fodder Burnet
Germander Speedwell
Golden-rod
Golden Samphire
Greater Birdsfoot Trefoil
Greater Knapweed
Greater Plantain
Great Hairy Willowherb
Great Mullein
Grey Willow
Hairy Bittercress
Hairy Rockcress
Hard Rush
Harebell
Hartstongue Fern
Hawkweed Ox-tongue
Hawthorn
Hedge Bedstraw
Hemp Agrimony
Herb Robert
Hoary Plantain
Hoary Ragwort
Hoary Stock
Hogweed
Holly
Holm Oak
Honeysuckle
Hop Trefoil
Horseshoe Vetch
Horsetail
Ivy
Ivy Broomrape
Ivy-leaved Toadflax
Japanese Knotweed
Kidney Vetch
Lady's Bedstraw
Lady's Mantle
Lesser Centaury
Lesser Reedmace
Lesser Trefoil
London Plane
Maidenhair Fern
Maidenhair Spleenwort
Male Fern
Marjoram
Meadow Vetchling
Melilot
Milkwort
Mouse-ear Hawkweed
Musk Mallow
Musk Thistle
Olive Willow
Oxford Ragwort
Pear
Pendulous Sedge
Polypody
Portland Rock Sea-lavender
Portland Spurge
Prickly Sow-thistle
Purple Toadflax
Pyramidal Orchid
Quaking Grass
Red Clover
Red Fescue
Red Valerian
Restharrow
Ribwort Plantain
Rock-rose
Rock Samphire
Rock Sea Lavender
Rock Stonecrop
Rough Hawkbit
Rough Meadow Grass
Round-leaved Cranesbill
Round-leaved Fluellen
Rue-leaved Saxifrage
Rye Grass
Sainfoin
Saw-wort
Sea Beet
Sea Holly
Sea Kale
Sea Lavender
Sea Mayweed
Sea Radish
Sea Spleenwort
Shining Cranesbill
Slender Thistle
Soft Brome
Soft Cranesbill
Small Scabious
Smooth Sow-thistle
Spanish Bluebell
Spear Mint
Spear Thistle
Spindle Tree
Spotted Medick
Square-stemmed Willowherb
Squinancywort
Stemless Thistle
Stinging Nettle
Stinking Iris
Strawberry Clover
Sycamore
Tall Fescue
Teasel
Three-cornered Leek
Thrift
Timothy
Tor Grass
Toothed Medick
Upright Brome
Upright Hedge Parsley
Viper's Bugloss
Wall Barley
Wall Rocket
Wall Rue
Wall Speedwell
Wallflower
Wayfaring Tree
Weld
Welted Thistle
Western Polypody
Whitebeam
White Clover
White Stonecrop
Widow Iris
Wild Cabbage
Wild Carrot
Wild Clary
'Wild' Gladiolus
Wild Leek
Wild Madder
Wild Parsley
Wild Privet
Wild Thyme
Winter Heliotrope
Wood Sage
Wood Spurge
Woody Nightshade
Wormwood
Yellow Horned-poppy
Yellow Oat-grass
Yellow Vetch
Yellow Vetchling
Yellow-wort
Yorkshire Fog

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